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Kidney Diseases & Prevention

kidney disease AtlantaThe main purpose of the kidneys is to remove wastes and excess water from the body. People with kidney disease lose kidney function and are no longer able to remove enough wastes and excess fluids and leads to a buildup of fluid and waste products in the body. This condition affects most body systems and functions including blood pressure, red blood cell production and bone health.

The final stages of chronic kidney disease is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD).  At this stage the patient will need dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Causes of Kidney Disease

The most common causes of kidney disease come from other diseases of the body. Diabetes and high blood pressure are usually the diseases which ultimately lead the patient to kidney disease and failure. They account for two thirds of the cases of kidney disease. Other diseases and conditions  that can cause damage to the kidneys are

Inherited diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease, can be genetically passed on to children. In this disease large cysts develop on the kidneys and damage surrounding tissue. Immune system diseases such as Lupus can affect the kidneys and cause such damage to the kidneys.

Kidney stones, a tumor, an injury, or an enlarged prostrate gland can cause a blockage and lead to your kidneys to suddenly stop working. This can cause problems that can be deadly.

Diagnosing Kidney Disease

Since kidney disease often gives no warning to its victims, it’s important to be aware of those who are at high risk. If you are in one of these groups listed below, it is important to have a good internal medicine doctor or one who specializes in nephrology (diseases of the kidneys).

  • – Diabetic patients
  • – High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • – Cardiac diseases
  • – Family history of kidney disease

If you are in one or more of the risks groups, it’s time to get tested. Vistas Medical Center which is northeast  of Atlanta, in Stone Mountain, offers kidney testing. There are two simple tests to check your kidneys. One is a blood test to check your glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the other is a simple urine test to check for protein. (Proteinuria)

Once kidney damage is done, it can not be reversed. However, if the problem is diagnosed in the early stages it can be treated very effectively. Since kidney disease makes you at risk for heart disease and stroke, early diagnosis is even more important. More than likely, if detected, Dr. Ihenacho will closely monitor your blood glucose levels and will help you find the right device for doing this if you are diabetic. Keeping your blood pressure under control is very important for those suffering from kidney disease. There are several types of medicines that help people keep their blood pressure at a healthy level.